- Objavljeno: 30.01.2002.
We may abandon suit against the FRY
Unfounded objection of the FRY You are a representative of the suit filed to the International Court of Justice by Croatia against the FRY for the violation of the Convention on Genocide. Yugoslavia is contesting a similar suit filed against her by Bosnia and Herzegovina earlier? - FRY's motion for a review of the decision of the International Court of Justice declaring that the suit of Bosnia and Herzegovina was within the jurisdiction of this court is currently under consideration. Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted their response to FRY's motion, and it is expected that by the middle of this year the court will have a hearing to discuss the matter, and we will attend it as observers. It is the matter of jurisdiction, and if the decision of the Court turns out favorably, the main hearing on the merit will follow. Speaking in strictly formal legal terms, although the decision on the Bosnian suit does not bind the Court in the case of the Croatian suit, in reality such decision will quite certainly influence possible FRY's objection of non-jurisdiction with respect to the Croatian suit. I believe, however, that such objection of Yugoslavia in both the Bosnian and the Croatian cases is not founded.
Political agreement There is also the possibility of political agreement, though. What are the chances of a settlement between Bosnia and Herzegovina and the FRY, or our abandoning the suit? - If you asked me if there were conditions under which such suit were unnecessary, my answer would be positive. But they include meeting all the requirements that Croatia put forth in its suit. What I see as essential to both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia is that the responsibility for aggression against Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia be clearly stated, that the responsibility for atrocities not only on the level of individuals but also on the level of the policy of Milošević's regime be confessed and practically reflected in the cooperation with the ICTY, and that, simultaneously, proceedings before the national courts of the FRY be instituted. A condition is also the full disclosure of facts concerning the fate of the imprisoned persons, the return of all imprisoned persons, the return of all looted goods, and setting up of an appropriate joint commission to discuss damages. If we can have these conditions fulfilled in any other way, we should not insist on the suit.
Last mandate at Prevlaka Is this really the last mandate of the UN observers at Prevlaka? - I believe this should be their last mandate. The discussion on the Security Council showed understanding for such Croatian position. In the last resolution the presence of the observers was characterized as «important», not «necessary» any more. UN peace operations are not implemented just anywhere where there are differing views between states, but only where such different views may turn into bloodbath. This is no longer the case with Prevlaka, and I believe that this operation does not justify its costs any more. I also believe that the new government in the FRY is up to it to do away with territorial pretensions to Prevlaka.